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IN CASE OF EPIDEMICS 13. 02. 2018.   >>  16:41 0


Vaccination of children younger then 12 months

The Institute for Public Health confirmed yesterday two more measles cases in Montenegro, which means that the total number of infected reached five. The future developments will determine whether the epidemic will be declared and when.

Director of Public Health Directorate at the Ministry of Health Miro Knezevic explains for Antenna M that an epidemic is proclaimed when we have an increased number of patients over a certain period of time, in a particular territory, in relation to the number of patients we have each year or several years back.

"It means that if we have five cases per year we don’t declare epidemics. If the number of patients is 50 or 100 or more, then an epidemic is declared", said Knezevic.

He explains that according to Montenegrin vaccination schedule vaccination of children starts at 12 months because children up to six months have antibodies inherited from mothers which can stay up to nine months in a small number of children. In case the children with inherited antibodies are vaccinated before being one year old, the effect of vaccination would be cancelled.

Given that due to the epidemic some countries in the region introduced vaccination for children under the age of one, we have wondered whether such a decision can be expected in our country.

"Depending of the development of the epidemic situation (number of people affected), it is possible to consider the introduction of vaccination of children before they reach age of 12 months. If an epidemic comes to us, as Serbia has now started vaccinating nine months old children, we can also consider it, depending on the size of epidemics and the risk of illness spreading. We can make a special decree to vaccinate children before the age of 12 months, but only in respect of the situation development, " Knezevic says.

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